The Quebec Lineage Of Raphael's Saint Cecilia
The Role of the Copy in the Dissemination of a European Iconographic Theme
It was due to a misunderstanding that Saint Cecilia, the third-century Roman virgin and martyr, was made the patron saint of music in fifteenth-century Italy. But European iconography would welcome this Transalpine invention. A music-hater transformed into a music-lover, the saint appeared in numerous compositions, versions of which ended up in Quebec. In the nineteenth century, many copies were made of the paintings depicting Saint Cecilia. Raphael's reredos in the Bologna art gallery has a rich lineage. The present study centres on its history in Quebec. What do the Bolognese reredos become in reproduction? What adaptations were made? What is the social, political, economic, religious, musical and artistic context of these imitations? The works studied are for the most part from Quebec City and immediate vicinity.